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Issues in Information Systems

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This paper presents a systematic literature review to provide a conceptual framework and future research directions for the identification and detection of health misinformation on social networking sites. We have found the health misinformation problem is yet to evolve and requires more exploration towards the identification of reliable techniques. We have extracted the existing literature from five research databases. The focus of this review is to explore various concepts, techniques, and datasets adopted by the prior studies. After applying Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines we have got 27 final papers to include in this review. The findings show that despite adopting various techniques there was a lack of research done on concepts like fake news and healthcare factchecking. Furthermore, this paper also identified significant feature and technique-based research gaps for future research directions.