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For the past decade there has been an emerging disease plaguing wild snakes across the Eastern United States and Europe. In 2006, researchers started investigating the decline of Timber rattlesnake populations in New Hampshire. They discovered a fungal infection killing off the young to mid-juvenal snakes, thus know as Snake Fungal Disease or Ophidiomycosis. In 2011, San Deigo State University, identified the pathogen that causes infection, the fungus Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola. O. ophiodiicola has now affected 30 different snakes from six families within at least 20 different states since it’s discovery. This study pertains to determining the prevalence of Snake Fungal Disease within South Dakota.

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Surveying for Ophidiomyces ophidiicola, the causal agent of Snake Fungal Disease in South Dakota.