Date of Award

Spring 3-2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Business and Information Systems

First Advisor

Dr. Kyle L. Cronin

Second Advisor

Dr. Michael J. Ham

Third Advisor

Dr. Mark L. Hawkes


This quasi-experimental before-and-after study measured and analyzed the impacts of adding security to a new bi-directional Network Address Translation (NAT). Literature revolves around various types of NAT, their advantages and disadvantages, their security models, and networking technologies’ adoption. The study of the newly created secure bi-directional model of NAT showed statistically significant changes in the variables than another model using port forwarding. Future research of how data will traverse networks is crucial in an ever-changing world of technology.